Saturday, August 29, 2009

How to recognoze infection by gonorrhoea?

Symptoms of gonorrhoea
Symptoms of gonorrhoea usually appears 1-7 days after contacting gonococcal infection from an infected individual. However in case of female the symptoms may not appear until the infection has spread to other parts of your body.
Only about 50% of women experience symptoms after they have contracted infection. These symptoms include:
thick discharge from the vagina
pain or tenderness in the lower abdominal area,
burning sensation during urination,
frequent & uncontrolled urination,
About 90% of men experience symptoms after they are infected. These symptoms include:
a thick white or yellow colored discharge from urethra of penis,
pain & burning sensation during urination
increased frequency need of urination

About 50% of women and 10% of men with gonorrhoea do not experience any symptoms, when infected. Untreated gonorrhoea can cause serious health problems.
Women can develop pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) due to gonorrhoea. This can lead abdominal pain, tenderness, fever, and can lead to infertility and ectopic pregnancy (a pregnancy that occurs outside the womb).
Men may develop urethral stricture, painful testicles and prostate gland, and lead to fertility.
Newborn babies may get infected with gonorrhoea during birth & clinically present as redness and swelling of eye, with a thick purulent pus discharge from eye during the first 1-14 days of life.

Friday, August 28, 2009


Gonorrhoea is a sexually transmitted infection (STI), caused by a bacteria called Neisseria gonorrheoae. It is acquired/ transmitted through sexual contact with a diseased/infected person, Gonorrhoea is not transmitted from kissing, hugging, or sharing cups, plates ,cutlery & using public toilet. Neisseria gonorrheoae cannot survive outside the human body for long, so it is not transmitted from toilet seat or sharing facilities such as baths, swimming pools or saunas with infected individual.

Tuesday, August 25, 2009

Treatment and Vaccination of Swine Flu

Treatment of Swine Flu

. The recommended drugs for swine flu are oseltamivir (Tamiflu®) & zanamivir

(Relenza®). These drugs are used to treat and/or prevent swine influenza viruses
• These antiviral drugs are available as pills, liquid or an inhaler, that fights the swine flu by
keeping it from reproducing/ multiplying in body.
• Use of antiviral drugs make illness milder and make you feel better faster. They may
also prevent serious swine flu complications.
• Antiviral drugs work better when started soon after getting infected with swine flu (within
2 days of symptoms ).

Vaccine for Swine Flu

• Because the virus is new, there is no vaccine available to protect against swine flu.
• Vaccine against swine flu virus H1N1 may take minimum 6-12 months to be produced.
• Seasonal flu vaccine or past flu immunization will not provide protection against swine flu.

Sunday, August 23, 2009

Spread of swine flu

1. Spread of swine influenza- A (H1N1) virus is thought to be same as the seasonal flu.

2. Swine flu virus spread mainly from person to person through coughing or sneezing and

rarely people may get infected by touching things contaminated with live flu viruses and

then touching their mouth or nose

3. Infected people may be able to infect others from the very 1st day, before symptoms develop

and continues up to 7 or more days, till active infection persists.

4. Children, especially younger children, might potentially be contagious for longer periods.

And virus can live for about 2 hours or longer on surfaces like cafeteria tables, doorknobs,

staircase and desks, so they can be the potential source of

Saturday, August 22, 2009

Signs and symptoms of swine flu in people?

  1. The symptoms of swine flu in people are similar to the symptoms of regular human flu and is characterised by fever, cough, sore throat, body aches, headache, chills and fatigue.
  2. Some people use to have diarrhea and vomiting . In the past, severe illness (pneumonia and respiratory failure) and deaths have been reported with swine flu infection in people.
  3. Like seasonal flu, swine flu may worsen when underlying chronic medical conditions is present.

Friday, August 21, 2009

Swine flu takes the pride of explaining swine flu to the common people to have fair idea about Swine Influenza (swine flu), it is a respiratory tract disease of pigs caused by Type A influenza virus, that causes regular outbreak of influenza in pigs. It rarely occurs in human beings & reported to spread from person-to-person. In the past the transmission was limited and it did not sustained beyond three people.

Sunday, August 16, 2009

Often confused words in English

Given below are a list of some words that speakers and writers of English often confuse. They are called false cognates because they sound or appear so similar to one another that they create confusion. Therefore, even an excellent writer must master these confusing words. The editors at have adequate experience in identifying and understanding these words.

a lot
allot A lot is combination of two words meaning much: A lot of food was left over from the party.

Allot is a verb meaning distribute proportionately, to portion out: Allot a lot more time to practice!
a while
awhile A while is two words meaning a short period of time: I will meet you in a while. These two words are never spelled together.
and A is an indefinite article to be used before nouns beginning with a consonant: a photograph, a tree, a horse.

An is to be used before nouns beginning with a vowel (or vowel sound): an apple, an hour, an elephant.

And is a conjunction used between nouns in a list: A boy and a girl were in the car.
exceed Accede means to agree or allow: Jim finally acceded to join my friends company.
Exceed means to go beyond, to surpass: The results exceeded our expectation.
except Accept means to take willingly: Mrs. Compson accepted the responsibility without any fuss .
Except is a preposition meaning excluding: Everyone attended the party except Maria.
adopt Adapt means to adjust: John quickly adapted living away from home. Adept means skilled: Karen is adept at learning languages.
Adopt means to accept as your own: Christina adopted a puppy from the animal shelter.
averse Adverse means unfavorable, hostile: The riders had to overcome adverse weather conditions.
Averse means unwilling or repelled: She was averse to the idea of going for a swim.
advise Advice is a noun meaning an opinion given with the intention of helping: My mother still advices me even though I am 45 years old.
Advise is a verb meaning to give counsel or advice: The doctor advised the patient to take two tablets a day.
effect Affect is most often used as a verb meaning to influence: The child was affected by his parents behaviour at home.
The verb effect means to cause: My presence in the meeting effected Rachel to make a quick decision.
aide Aid is help or assistance given: Every Christmas the community gives aid to less fortunate people.
An aide is a person who helps: Michael worked as an aide to his Professor for 5 years.
heirs Airs refers to snobbish and artificial behavior: Sofia put on airs at the dinner party just because she had a few diamonds.
Heirs are people who, because they are family, will inherit the ancestral property.
all right
alright All right is a phrase meaning everything is right: Is all right here?
Alright is a single word meaning OK: All are alright here.
all together
altogether All together is applied to people or things that are being treated as a whole: We always had fun when we were all together.
Altogether is an adverb that means completely or totally: It is an altogether new approach to solve this problem.
all ways
always All ways means by every means or method: Gina tried all ways to stop her husband from drinking.
Always means forever: God is always there to help.
elude Allude means to suggest indirectly: Linda can't speak to her husband without alluding to his affair with Kelly.
Elude means to dodge or escape: Success always seemed to elude him.
illusion An allusion is a subtle reference or hint: Mira made an allusion to the most recent novel she read in our conversation yesterday.
An illusion is a deception, mirage, or a wild idea: Mark said he has no illusions about what he want his son to be.
most Almost means nearly all: The bus is almost empty now.
Most is superlative of more, meaning the greatest or to the highest degree: Kiran shared the most valuable secret of her life.
allowed Aloud means speaking so that someone else can hear you: The teacher asked the child to read the paragraph aloud.
Allowed means having permission: Kevin’s father allowed him to take his car in the weekend.
all ready Already is an adverb that indicates an action is completed by a certain time: I have already finished the homework.
All ready means everything is completely prepared: The players were all ready to take on the field.
alternatively Alternately means taking turns: We paddled alternately so neither of us would get too tired.
Alternatively means as an option: If you are afraid of flying, alternatively, you can chose to travel by train.
alter An altar is a table used in communion and other services in a church: The priest conducted the ceremony at the altar.
To alter means to change: Don't alter a thing; leave everything as it is.
ambivalent Ambiguous describes a phrase or act with more than one meaning, or one that is unclear: The conclusions drawn are ambiguous; it needs further investigation.
Ambivalent means uncertainty and having conflicting attitudes and feelings: He was ambivalent as to which candidate to vote for.
amicable Amiable refers to a person who is friendly, good-natured, and pleasant: Deborah is very amiable and liked by all neighbours.
Amicable means friendly and peaceable, and is used to describe agreements or relationships between groups or people: After years of disagreement, the two countries came to an amicable agreement.
between Among is used for three or more: Zinzi had to choose among three universities she might attend.
Between is used for two things: I couldn't decide between blue and green.
immoral Amoral means having no principles at all, good or bad: Mr. Brown is totally amoral; he is either helping others or helping himself at their expense. Immoral means bad, lacking good principles: In many countries, women not covering body parts in public is considered immoral.
number Amount is used with uncountable and abstract nouns: a large amount of money, amount of work, amount of happiness or amount of dirt.
Number is used with countable and concrete plural expressions: a number of people, a number of attempts, a number of novels, a number of trials.
bemused Amused is when something is entertaining: The children were amused by watching the kittens play.
Bemused means bewildered or lost in thought: George was bemused by the unexpected ending to the movie.
annul Annual means yearly: We must pay an annual tax.
Annul means to make void or invalid: They want to annul the marriage.
any one
anyone Any one means any one person: Any one of you may go, but not all of you. Anyone means anybody, any person at all: Anyone can swim across the river.
nowheres Anyway, anywhere, and nowhere are the correct forms.
a part Apart is an adverb meaning in pieces: My plan for my vacation fell apart. A part is a noun meaning one section of: A part of my heart left when he did.
apprise Appraise is to assess or estimate the worth of: The broker appraised me of the property.
Apprise is to inform or notify: We apprised the boss about our business trip.
like As may be used as a conjunction that introduce dependent clauses: George talks as his father does. Informally, it may also be used as a preposition in comparative constructions like: Jean-Claude is as forgetful as me (or as I am). Like is a preposition is followed by a noun or pronoun: George looks like his mother. It may also be used as an adjective meaning similar: George and I have like minds.
assent Ascent is an upward movement: Kim’s ascent to the CEO of the company was because of his hard work.
Assent means to agree to: Albert’s boss assented to the new proposal.
aesthetic An ascetic is a person who renounces all material comforts, often for religious devotion: the young man led his ascetic lifestyle despite his parents' plans for him. It can also be used as an adjective: Ethan Asia led an ascetic lifestyle.
Aesthetic refers to the philosophy of beauty or the pleasing qualities of something: In addition to low cost, the building looks great aesthetically as well.
describe Ascribe means to attribute to: He ascribed his success to his wife.
Describe means to show what something is by drawing a picture with words: Describe in detail what the man looked like.
dispersion Aspersion is slander, a damaging remark: The campaign was filled with one aspersion after another.
Dispersion is the act of scattering: The dispersion of powder it the liquid was made by ultrasonication.
assistants Assistance is help or aid: the nurses gave assistance to the patients. Assistants are more than one assistant, a person who gives help: the laboratory assistants were ready to help the students with their experimental work.
insure Assure means to guarantee: The sales person assured her that the product was a quality item.
Ensure means to make sure by double checking: The guard ensured the doors to the school were locked at night.
Insure means to provide insurance: It is wise to insure your house against flood, fire, or theft.
augur An auger is a tool used for digging holes: If you want to ice fish, you need to first drill a hole in the ice with an auger. Augur means to predict, forecast: Leroy's inheritance augured happiness for him in the future.

Friday, August 14, 2009

Addressing the needs of Scientists and researchers in English editing their research manuscripts

Manuscriptedit Newsletter - Friday, August 14, 2009

Edit your research papers, documents, newsletters, thesis for correct English before submitting for publication

Publishing a research paper in a reputed international journal usually takes 6 to 12 months if not more. After submission to the journals, it is peer-reviewed before its acceptance for publication. But very often, even excellent research findings don’t get published in reputed international journals because the reviewers do not give due attention to such manuscripts written with improper English. Similarly publishing document or newsletter written in improper English will generate less interest in your readers. Therefore, it is a good idea to get your research paper edited for English before submitting it to journals to increase its chances of publication. A thoroughly edited newsletter with professional appeal will attract more readers. But the question is where can you get your research paper edited? There are many online companies claiming to offer editing services but it is often difficult to decide which is the one that will give you the best quality editing service in the desired time. Hence it is better to look for some aspects before you jump in to submit your paper for editing.

Here are some tips:

1. Check the website of the editor and see that it contains all the information regarding services, payment methods etc in very clear terms.
2. You should be able to navigate through the website easily.
3. See that the editor has a sample edited work or agree to edit a sample document for you.
4. Check that you can easily contact the editor or his representatives easily by e-mail or over telephone.
5. Shortlist the prospective editors
6. Ask for a sample editing
7. Check how promptly they respond to your questions.

You can find all of the above in


1. Wash your hands frequently ?
Use the antibacterial soaps to cleanse your hands. Wash them often, at least15 seconds and rinse with running water.
2. Get enough sleep ?
Try to get 8 hours of good sleep every night to keep your immune system in top flu-fighting shape.
3. Keep hydrated ?
Drink 8 to10 glasses of water each day to flush toxins from your system and maintain good moisture and mucous production in your sinuses.
4. Boost your immune system ?
Keeping your body strong, nourished, and ready to fight infection is important in flu prevention. So stick with whole grains, colorful vegetables, and vitamin-rich fruits.
5. Keep informed ?
The government is taking necessary steps to prevent the pandemic and periodically release guidelines to keep the pandemic away. Please make sure to keep up to date on the information and act in a calm manner.
6. Avoid alcohol ?
Apart from being a mood depressant, alcohol is an immune suppressant that can actually decrease your resistance to viral infections like swine flu. So stay away from alcoholic drinks so that your immune system may be strong.
7. Be physically active ?
Moderate exercise can support the immune system by increasing circulation and oxygenating the body. For example brisk walking for 30-40 minutes 3-4times a week will significantly perk up your immunity.
8. Keep away from sick people ?
Flu virus spreads when particles dispersed into the air through a cough or sneeze reaches someone’s nose. So if you have to be around someone who is sick, try to stay a few feet away from them and especially, avoid physical contact.
9. Know when to get help ?
Consult your doctor if you have a cough and fever and follow their instructions, including taking medicine as prescribed.
10. Avoid crowded areas ?
Try to avoid crowded areas. Moreover, avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth. Germs spread this way. is dedicated to bring awareness of swine flu in the global community.